Applications may define their own fields. To avoid naming collisions, such fields must include the name of the logger, converter, or utility that either created or will process the ADIF file in which they appear:. Data-Specifiers used to convey data in an ADI file are composed of a case-independent field name F, a data length L, and an optional data type indicator T separated by colons and enclosed in angle brackets, followed by data D of length L:. The data length L is a sequence of ASCII digits representing an unsigned decimal integer with value greater than or equal to zero.
Leading zeros are deprecated:. Field definitions do not specify a maximum length. ADI-exporting applications can place as much data in a Data-Specifier as they choose. ADI-importing applications can import as much data from a Data-Specifier as they choose. Data type indicators are case insensitive; they are optional, and typically omitted when obvious, e.
Here's a an ADI Header that includes text, and uses Header Fields to convey the ADIF version number, the name of the generating application, and the definitions of three user-defined fields:. To facilitate importing, display, and editing by other applications, instances of application-defined fields should include the optional Data Type Indicator , as shown in the above example. Characters between QSO-Data-Specifiers are ignored, as are characters between QSO-Data-Specifiers and End-of-Record tags; this permits the insertion of line break characters to improve readability by users, or the insertion of any other information an ADI-exporting application cares to provide; ADI-importing applications are free to ignore such characters.
A member of the Credit enumeration. Such systems are used in Japan ,  and used in the past in the French Second Republic ,  and in elections in the Philippines from World War 2 until the general election. Generally, write-in candidates can compete in any election within the United States. Typically, write-in candidates have a very small chance of winning, but there have been some strong showings by write-in candidates over the years.
In , California voters passed Proposition 14 which set up a new election system for the United States Senate , United States House of Representatives , all statewide offices governor , lieutenant governor , secretary of state , state treasurer , state controller , attorney general , insurance commissioner , and superintendent of public instruction , California Board of Equalization , and for the California State Legislature.
In the system set up by Proposition 14, there are two rounds of voting, and the top two vote-getters for each race in the first round the primary, normally held in June advance to a second round the general election, held in November.
Proposition 14 specifically prohibits write-in candidates in the second round, and this prohibition was upheld in a court challenge. Although Proposition 14 prohibits write-in candidates in the second round of voting, it has made it easier for write-in candidates in the first round to advance to the second round. This generally happens in elections where only one candidate is listed on the ballot.
Since in each race the top two vote-getters from the first round are guaranteed to advance to the second round, if only one candidate is listed on the ballot, a write-in candidate can easily advance to the second round, as the write-in candidate would only have to compete with other write-in candidates for the 2nd spot, not with any listed candidates. Proposition 14 therefore guarantees that if one candidate is listed on the ballot in the first round, a write-in candidate running against the one listed candidate can earn a spot for the second round with as little as one vote.
The first election in which Proposition 14 went into effect was the elections. Another impact of Proposition 14 on write-in candidates is that since Proposition 14, candidates who are not affiliated with any party can be listed on the ballot for election to offices affected by Proposition Prior to passage of Proposition 14, candidates who were not affiliated with any party, could not run in any party primaries, and were required to run in the general election as write-in candidates.
With a few exceptions, the practice of recognizing write-in candidates is typically viewed internationally as an American tradition. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For mail-in ballot, see Postal voting. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
June Learn how and when to remove this template message. When treating the two candidates in AD62 as distinct candidates and averaging over 15 candidates, the average goes down to Japanese voters receive a blank ballot paper and are instructed to write down the name of an SMD candidate after examining a sheet posted on the wall of their voting booth.
Retrieved 11 May International Political Science Review. Retrieved April 15, Johnson was so stunned that he did not run for reelection. Alaska Division of Elections. California Secretary of State. Retrieved March 19, Aaron Schock announces resignation in wake of spending probe". Retrieved March 18, Archived from the original on January 23, The Putnam County Courier.