Imperial Cleaning

List of cities with defensive walls

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Point of View Dynamics 365: Die Zukunft digit ...

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "9 Feb" of " Bernhardus dux " []. The primary source which confirms Hildegarde's parentage and her marriage has not so far been identified.

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "3 Oct" of " Hildegarth ducissa " []. The name and origin of Duke Bernhard's mistress are not known. As "Bernard Duke of Westfalia", he signed the document of Heinrich II King of Germany under which the king renewed his settlement of a dispute over Gandersheim, listed first among the lay signatories [].

The Annalista Saxon records that he rebelled against Emperor Heinrich in , captured "Scalkesburh", but withdrew and was restored to his properties after the intercession of the empress [].

Adam of Bremen records the death in of " Bernardus Saxonum dux " []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "29 Jun" of " Bernhardus dux " []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death " 10 Dec " of " Eila ducissa " [].

In a later passage it records the death in of " Herimannus comes, patruus Magni ducis, sine legitimis liberis " []. The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Floris and " Gertrudim filiam Hermanni ducis Saxonum " [] , " Hermanni " being an error for " Bernardi " as the former would be impossible chronologically. It is uncertain whether this entry relates to the widow of Count Floris and Count Robert. The accuracy of this source is unknown.

The latest date recorded is , but it is not known whether the document represents a later compilation based on earlier sources. Count of Holland , during the minority of his stepson.

It is not certain to whom " Angelberti marchionis " refers, but it is possible that it is Engelbert [I] Graf von Sponheim whose father was Markgraf. Wegener points out that a Saxon origin for Engelbert is consistent with the introduction of the names Bernhard and Heinrich into the family of the Grafen von Sponheim [].

This seems early in light of the known career dates of Engelbert [I]'s children. On her marriage, she brought her husband extensive lands north-east of Bouillon which later formed the county of Laroche []. According to the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, her husband's claim to Bouillon was through the property brought by his wife [].

The Vita Meinwerci names " Thietmarus senior frater Bernhardi ducis Saxonie " when recording his donation to Paderborn, stating that his brother Bernhard was his heir, witnessed by " Udone, Herimanno, Bernhardo, Liudero comitibus " []. Thietmar names " Thietmar, Duke Bernhard's brother " when recording that he despoiled Meinwerk Bishop of Paderborn []. The name of Thietmar's wife is not known. Abbess of Herford She founded the Abbey of Herford 2 Jun Thietmar records the death of " my cousin Mathilde " on 28 Apr , noting that " she had long resided at Gernrode with Abbess Hathui to whom she was related by blood " [].

There is no direct proof that Mathilde was the daughter of Duke Bernhard I. However, Duke Bernhard's children are the only cousins of Thietmar who appear to have been related to Hathui, who as shown above was probably the daughter of Wichmann [I]. This date appears early for Emma to have been Duke Bernhard's legitimate daughter by his marriage. It is therefore assumed that she was illegitimate. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "28 Mar" of " Ordulf dux pater M " [].

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "24 May" of " Wulfhild ductrix " []. According to the 14th century Genealogia comitum Neuburgensium sive Formbacensium , " Fridericus senioris Tiemonis filius " married " neptem ipsius regis Gertrudem ", the king referred to being Heinrich IV King of Germany, and was buried at Formbach []. The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not yet been identified.

She was imprisoned at Mainz in The Annalista Saxo records the death in of " Gertrudis ductrix, avia Liuderi ducis " []. He is named, and his parentage given, in the Annalista Saxo []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "23 Aug" of " Magnus dux " []. The Annalista Saxo names " sororem Ladizlai regis Ungarie Sophiam " as wife of Ulrich, and in a later passage records her second marriage [].

The marriage presumably took place soon after the death of her first husband in Mar as Duke Magnus was imprisoned later in The Historia Welforum records that Wulfhild died at Altdorf " decimo sexton die post mortem mariti " and was buried " in monasterio sancti Martini " []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "29 Dec" of " Wlfhild ducissa " [].

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "16 Jan" of " Eilika Magni ducis filia " []. The Annales Stadenses record that " marchio Udo " was proposing to marry " Eilikam filiam Magni ducis " but his intention was diverted in the house of Hilperich Graf von Plötzkau to the latter's beautiful sister []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "15 Jul" of " Bernhardus puer frater M a ducis " []. A family of minor nobility in Saxony whose county was located in the Harzgau, the adjacent north-eastern foreland of the Harz mountains, centred on their ancestral castle of Süpplingenburg near Königslutter.

The choice of Lothar von Süpplingenburg to succeed as Duke of Saxony, after the extinction of the Billung family in the male line in , was presumably designed to limit the growing influence of the two more obvious candidates, Heinrich "der Schwarze" of the Welf dynasty and Otto Graf von Ballenstedt of the Askanian dynasty, the two sons-in-law of the last Billung Duke Magnus.

The plan backfired as Lothar created a powerful new force in Saxon politics. He expanded his authority through inheritance and conquest. From his maternal grandmother, Duke Lothar inherited the important county of Haldensleben in the north-eastern Harz, and from his mother-in-law the Brunswick territories.

He extended ducal authority into the frontier area of Nordalbingia, with the help in particular of Adolf von Schauenburg, whom he enfeoffed in with the county of Holstein-Stormarn to the north and east of Hamburg.

Within a few years, Lothar had effectively transformed himself into the head of a Saxon nation, in inflicting a severe defeat on the imperial army at Welfesholz near Mansfeld. He further demonstrated autonomy from imperial control by conferring in the Markgrafschaft of Lausitz on Albrecht "der Bär" Graf von Ballenstedt and the Markgrafschaft of Meissen on Konrad von Wettin []. Duke Lothar rose to such prominence that he was a sufficiently credible candidate to succeed as king of Germany after the death of Emperor Heinrich V in After his election as king, Lothar retained the duchy of Saxony which formed itself into the nucleus of the German kingdom.

He is named as son of Gebhard in the Annalista Saxo []. Duke Lothar immediately sought to build-up his lordship, and triggered in the intervention of the emperor to whom he submitted in The dispute culminated in the defeat of the imperial army by the Saxons at Welfesholz in [].

He was crowned 13 Sep at Aachen. In , King Lothar became embroiled in the dispute between rival Popes Anacletus II and Innocent II, in the hope of securing a return to the full right of lay investiture. He installed his son-in-law as administrator of the lands previously held by Matilda Ctss of Tuscany, after conceding papal ownership of them in return for a usufruct [].

King Roger offered peace negotiations after the army took Benevento and Bari, but jurisdictional disputes broke out between the emperor and the Pope and the army returned to Germany, Emperor Lothar dying en route []. He invested his son-in-law as Duke of Saxony in shortly before his death [].

The Annalista Saxo names " Richeza ductrix " wife of Lothar, specifying that she gave birth in during the Easter festival after 15 years of sterility [].

Heiress to Brunswick, inherited from her mother. The Annales Sancti Disibodi record the marriage " in Penthecosten apud Merseburg " in of " rex…filiam suam " and " duci Bavariorum " [].

It is likely that her first marriage was arranged by her father to obtain the decisive Welf vote in his election as king of Germany in []. She was heiress to territories in Brunswick, inherited from her maternal grandmother, which she transferred to her son by her first marriage and which became the main domains of the Welf family.

The Annales Mellicenses record the marriage in of " Marchio Heinricus " and " Gerdrudam, filiam Lotharii imperatoris " []. This marriage was agreed a s part of the temporary settlement of the dispute between Konrad III King of Germany and the Welf family agreed in []. She died in childbirth. Arnold 's Chronica Slavorum records that " domna Gertrudis " was buried " in castro Nuenburg " []. Duke of Saxony Markgraf Heinrich became Duke of Austria in His father-in-law installed him as administrator of the lands previously held by Matilda Ctss of Tuscany, after conceding papal ownership of them in return for a usufruct [].

Although Emperor Lothar had designated Duke Heinrich as his successor, his less powerful rival Konrad von Staufen was elected King in Heinrich accepted the result of the election, but demanded enfeoffment with the duchy of Saxony which was refused. Heinrich was outlawed at the diet of Würzburg in Jul and deprived of the duchy of Bavaria at the diet of Goslar in Dec []. Heinrich attacked Saxony in early Peace was agreed after skirmishes at Creuzburg on the Werra, by which time most of Saxony was controlled by Heinrich although he died before being able to consolidate his position [].

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "20 Oct" of " Heinricus dux " []. It is likely that this marriage was arranged by her father to obtain the decisive Welf vote in his election as king of Germany in [].

Arnold's Chronica Slavorum records that " domna Gertrudis " was buried " in castro Nuenburg " []. His date of birth is calculated from his dying in his 66th year, according to the chronicle of the Steterburg foundation near Wolfenbüttel [] , Jordan pointing out that the chronicle's author provost Gerhard was close to Heinrich during the last years of his life.

He renewed his claim to Bavaria after the death of his mother, whose second marriage had been arranged as part of the settlement of the issue in In order to terminate the longstanding dispute between the German kings and the Welf family, Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany deprived Heinrich "Jasomirgott" Markgraf of Austria of the duchy of Bavaria in favour of Duke Heinrich in []. In , he exchanged some territories with Emperor Friedrich I, receiving land in the southern Harz for the domains which he had received as dowry on his first marriage [].

From to , the rebellion of the league of princes severely disrupted the administration of Saxony. Heinrich Duke of Bavaria and Saxony donated property to the church " sancte Marie…in Ourenkierken ", with the consent of " heredis nostri…filie nostre Gerthrudis ", by charter dated 3 Aug [].

Duke Heinrich made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in but refused the invitation of Amaury I King of Jerusalem to fight []. He lost the duchies of Saxony and Bavaria in , but retained his mother's inheritance of Brunswick where he established his court.

He was tried in absentia at Worms in Jan for having expelled Ulrich Bishop of Halberstadt, and outlawed. Heinrich was dispossessed of his properties in summer He submitted at the general assembly at Erfurt in Nov , was restored to his allodial lands around Brunswick and Lüneburg, but was exiled for three years. He left with his wife in Jul and sought refuge with his father-in-law first in Normandy, later in England, before returning to Germany in []. When Emperor Friedrich I was preparing to leave on crusade in late , Heinrich refused to accompany him and chose exile in England once more [].

He returned to Germany in Oct after the death of his wife. He destroyed Bardowick, captured Lübeck and Lauenburg, and attracted Hamburg to his support. Heinrich failed to observe the terms of the peace agreement. Although the Saxon princes assembled troops led by Wichmann Archbishop of Magdeburg, a truce was agreed [].

Duke Heinrich and Emperor Heinrich V were finally reconciled in Mar at Tilleda on the Kyffhäuser mountain, when the former was reconfirmed in his allodial possessions and agreed to take part in the imperial campaign in Italy later that year []. The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death in of " Heinricus dux de Bruneswich " and his burial " in mon. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "6 Aug" of " Heinricus dux " []. Heiress of Badenweiler, although her first husband sold these Swabian estates to Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany in , receiving in exchange Herzberg, Scharzfels and Pöhlde south of the Harz [].

Her first marriage was arranged to confirm her father's alliance with the Welf party in southern Germany []. The Annales Palidenses record the repudiation by " Heinricus dux " of his first wife " Bertoldi ducis Zaringe sorore " []. Her first husband repudiated Klementia because of the growing difficulties between her brother Duke Berthold IV and Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa", with whom Duke Heinrich was by then in close alliance [].

The Chronicle of Gervase records the marriage in of " Matildis filia regis Anglie " and " dux Saxonum Henrico " []. Her marriage was arranged as part of the treaty of alliance between Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany and her father [].

The Annales Sancti Blasii Brunsvicenses record that " ecclesia Sancti Blasii episcopi " was founded in and in a later passage record the death in of " domina nostra Mechtildis fundatrix " []. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names " Mathildem [de Luscelenburch] " as mother of " comitem Folmerum et sorores eius Helvidem, quam habuit comes Gerardus de Reneke dyocesis Herbipolensis et illam qua dux de Bronsviic genuit filiam, que in Sclavia hereditavit " [] , although the Chronicle appears to skip a generation in this account.

The likely birth date of this individual suggests it is unlikely that she was the daughter of Graf Gottfried [I], given the other dates attributed to his children. Until corroboration of her parentage is found in other sources, the accuracy of Alberic must be considered doubtful.

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "1 Nov" of " Heinricus infans filius H ducis " and specifies that his father Duke Heinrich donated a mill to St Michael at Lüneburg in his memory [].

He died after falling from a table. Heinrich Duke of Bavaria and Saxony donated property to Loccum, with the consent of his daughter Gertrud, by charter dated 1 Feb []. Helmold records the marriage of " Heinricus dux Bawarie et Saxonie…[et] domna Clementia…filiam " and " filio Conradi regis " []. Helmold records the marriage of " [Heinricus dux Bawarie et Saxonie] filiam suam, viduam Fretherici…principis de Rodenburg " and " rex Danorum…filio suo…designatus…rex " as part of the peace process between Saxony and Denmark [].

Her second marriage was arranged to seal the renewed peace agreed between her father and Valdemar I King of Denmark in []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "14 Feb" of " Ricinzit infans filia H ducis " [].

Her betrothal is referred to by Jordan [] , but the primary source on which this is based has not so far been identified. Arnold 's Chronica Slavorum names " Rikenzam " as the daughter of Heinrich and his wife Matilda [].

It is assumed that this refers to the same daughter, but the question is not beyond all doubt as it is not clear what would have prompted her name change. She f ounded the Abbey of Clairets in The necrology of the Abbaye des Clairets records the death " Id Jan " of " Mathildis comitissa fundatrix Claretorum " [].

Heinrich accompanied his parents to England in []. He was restored to favour by the emperor in Jan at Würzburg following his marriage []. Vogt of Gotzlar Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg He remained in Saxony when his parents went to England in [].

He was given as hostage to Heinrich VI King of Germany to guarantee his father's performance of the peace terms agreed at Fulda in Jul []. He died while still a hostage. The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names " Luderum " as [second] son of " Heinricus dux " specifying that he was given as a hostage to " inperatori Henrico " and died and was buried at Augsburg [].

He accompanied his parents to England in []. He was brought up at the English court. He was installed by King Richard as Comte de Poitou in , maybe exchanging the comitatus of York for this.

However, with the death of King Richard in , he lost his main supporter and was unable to maintain his position against his rival Philipp von Hohenstaufen who had been elected king in Mar Otto is said to have sent his two brothers to his uncle King John in to claim both York and Poitou, unsuccessfully [].

After the murder of King Philipp in , Otto became the agreed candidate of the German princes and was elected king again at Frankfurt 11 Nov []. He was crowned Emperor at Rome 4 Oct He was forced to return to Germany in early because of growing opposition led by the Archbishop of Mainz, the king of Bohemia and the Landgraf of Thuringia [].

The opposition focussed around Friedrich von Hohenstaufen King of Sicily, who was elected king of Germany at Frankfurt 5 Dec and crowned at Mainz later the same month. The Annales Marbacenses record that one of the four daughters of King Philipp first in the list married " Ottoni postea imperatoris ", having been betrothed first to " palatino de Witilisbach " but that she died young [].

Her betrothal with Otto von Wittelsbach was ended to enable her betrothal with a nephew of Pope Innocent III, being negotiated in Rome as part of the settlement arrangements with her father's rival Otto of Brunswick []. The Annales Stadenses record the betrothal of " rex Otto " and " regis Philippi filia " in [].

The Continuatio Admuntensis records the marriage of " filiam Philippi " and " Otto rex ", but does not name her []. The Gesta Abbatem Trudonensium records that " Henricus dux Brabancie…filiam suam Ottoni in uxorem dare promisit " []. The Oude Kronik van Brabant names " Mariam, conthoralem Ottonis Quartus Romanorum imperatoris, Aleydam comitssam Auernie, Margaretam comitissam Gerardi comitis Ghelrie et Mechteldim, primo quidem comitissam Palatinam Rheni, postea…comitissam Hollandie " as the daughters of " Henricus…primus, dux Lotharingie " and his wife " Mechteldim, filiam Mathei Boloniensis comitis " [].

The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records that Count Willem married secondly " Mariam ", but does not state her origin [].

The primary source which confirms his existence has not so far been identified. The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names " Willehelmus " as fourth son of " Heinricus dux " specifying that he was born in England, and was buried " in medio monasterio " [].

Duke Heinrich had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress 1: The Annales Stadenses refers to the wife of " Borewini " as " filiam…naturalem [ducis Henrici] " []. Arnold 's Chronica Slavorum names " filiam Heinrici ducis…Mechthildam " as the wife of " Burvinus filius Pribizlavi " [].

Her marriage was arranged in furtherance of the alliance agreed between Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony after he enfeoffed Heinrich Borwin's father in []. She was "from another marriage" according to Europäische Stammtafeln []. The chronology appears unfavourable for Kunigunde to have been a daughter of Heinrich "der Stolze" Duke of Saxony, assuming that her marriage shown here is correct.

The primary source on which the speculation is based has not been identified. BERN [Athelbero], son of Pfalzgraf [in Sachsen], Vogt von Hilwartshausen Graf im Hessen- und Liesgau.

The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death in of " Bern com " []. The name of Bern's wife is not known. Her parentage is confirmed by Thietmar who names her son " puer Bernwardus claro nostra gentis sanguine ex filia Athelberonis palatini comitis " [].

He is named " puer Bernwardus claro nostra gentis sanguine ex filia Athelberonis palatini comitis " by Thankmar []. Chaplain at the royal court Bishop of Hildesheim Thankmar names " frater quippe Bernwaldus episcopi Tammo comes ", specifying that he was sent to Paterno by the emperor []. Graf in Astfala und Hessengau. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. Bishop of Utrecht Thietmar records the deaths of " the count Palatine Dietrich and his brother Siegbert " in the same year in which Heinrich II Duke of Bavaria died [].

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death " 6 Mar " of " Thiedrich com " []. Graf im Harz und Nordthuringau. Pfalzgraf [in Sachsen] Graf von Merseburg According to Thietmar, Siegfried was related to Thankmar, son of Heinrich I King of Germany [] , although this relationship has not been traced.

The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "25 Apr" of " Sigifrithus com " []. Canon at Magdenburg Cathedral before Bishop of Minden The Annalista Saxo names " Willehelmus marchiam " and his father " Willehelmus comes de Wimmare ", when recording the former's appointment as Markgraf von Meissen []. He succeeded as Graf von Weimar. Pfalzgraf von Sachsen The Chronicon Gozecense records that " Fridericum abbati Fuldensi N, nepoti scilicet suo, nutriendum commendavit " []. He succeeded his brother as Pfalzgraf in [].

He was banished to Pavia in []. The Chronicon Gozecense records the death " 6 Kal Iunii " of " senior palatinus Fridericus " and his burial in Goseck monastery []. The Annalista Saxo names " palatinus comes Fridericus " as son of Friedrich [II], when recording that he was murdered by " Lodewicus comes de Thuringia " []. The Chronicon Gozecense records the birth of a posthumous son to " domina Adelheit palatine…quem ex nomine patris Fridericum appellavit " []. The Annalista Saxo records the death in of " Fridericus filius Friderici palatine comitis " [].

The Chronicon Gozecense specifies that he died " apud Thiggelstede " and was buried in Halberstadt []. The Chronicon Gozecense names " comes Fridericus palatini de Sumersenburch " as son of " Ouda " []. Vogt of Kloster Schöningen The Annalista Saxo names " palatinum comitem Fridericum iuniorem " and his parents []. Rudolf Bishop of Halberstadt confirmed an exchange between Hillersleben and Walbeck by charter dated 11 Apr , which names " Fredericus comes palatinus, eiusdem ecclesie advocatus, et filius eius Albertus " among the representatives of Walbeck [].

Vogt of Quedlinburg He founded Kloster Marienthal. The Annales Magdeburgenses record the death in of " Fridericus palatinus " []. Pfalzgraf von Sommerschenburg Vogt at Quedlinburg, Marienthal and Huysburg. He was, however, forced to submit to the duke and transfer to him the fortress of Lauenburg, south-west of Quedlinburg []. He adhered to the alliance of Magdeburg, which formalised the opposition to Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony, at Santersleben, south of Haldensleben, 14 Jul [].

The Annales Palidenses record the death in of " Adalbertus palatinus comes " []. Wegener records that Hadewich, widow of Graf Heriman, donated property to Göttweig with her son Heriman by charter dated [], witnessed by Adalbert son of Markgraf Luitpold []. Graf von Winzenburg The Annales Stadenses records that " Hermannus de Wincenburg " was deprived of the " comitatum provincialem in Thuringia " by " Lothario rege " who granted it to " Lodewicum [filium Ludowici] " [].

The Annalista Saxo names " Adelbertum marchionem et filiam Adelheidem " as children of " Ottoni comiti de Ballenstidi " and his wife Eilika []. He was temporarily deposed, but rehabilated, by Emperor Lothar in Markgraf von Stade, Graf von Aschersleben. A 13th century genealogy names in order " Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum " as the five sons of " Albertus de Hanhalde marchio " [].

Graf von Aschersleben und Graf von Anhalt Herzog von Westfalen und Engern Bernhard constructed the castle of Lauenburg with material from the fortress of Ertheneburg []. The Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum refers to, but does not name, the daughters of Mieszko III, naming second in the list " dux Saxonie " as his son-in-law []. A 13th century genealogy refers to the wife of " Berenhardum [filius Albertus de Hanhalde marchio] " as " ducis Polonie filiam " [].

Graf von Aschersleben The Genealogica Wettinens is refers to the wife of " Olricus comes filius Heinrici marchionis " as " filiam Bernhardi ducis Saxonie " but does not name her []. Herzog zu Bernburg He left on Crusade Herzog zu Sachsen, Engern und Westfalen The result was that Duke Albrecht participated in the second election of Willem II Count of Holland as king of Germany in Brunswick 25 Mar , although he gave no support to Willem during the latter's campaign in Flanders in [].

The Continuatio Claustroneoburgensis specifies that the marriage was celebrated in Vienna []. The Annales Mellicenses in record the marriage of " Heinricus filius Liupoldi ducis " and " Agnetem filiam langravii de Duringia " []. Although the other details are correct, the name "Richza" is a mistake for "Agnes", resulting from confusion with the wife of Heinrich Duke of Mödling, paternal uncle of Duke Heinrich "der Grausame".

It is curious that this entry does not refer to Agnes's second husband, suggesting that there may have been a separation before she died. She founded the Franciscan Monastery at Wittenberg. The Chronica Jutensis records that " Ericum ", son of " Waldemarus rex ", married " Juttam filiam ducis Saxonie " [].

The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. The Cronica Principum Saxonie names " Iuttam…Elizabeth " as daughters of " Albertus dux " and his second wife Agnes, specifying that Jutta married " Iohannis marchio Brandenburgensis " [] , in a later passage naming " Iuttam filiam Alberti ducis Saxonie " as second wife of " Iohannes " and specifying that she had previously been betrothed to " Friderico imperatori " [] , although the latter is improbable.

The Cronica Principum Saxonie names " Iuttam…Elizabeth " as daughters of " Albertus dux " and his second wife Agnes, specifying that Elisabeth married " Iohannes comes Holtsacie " [].

His place of burial is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Feb under which [his son] " Iohannes The Chronica principum Polonie records that " tercius Heinricus " married secondly " filiam…ducis Saxonie ", who later married " Burgravio Nurenbergensi " []. The date of her second marriage is indicated by a charter dated 28 Mar which records her son Johann by this marriage. Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 15 May under which her brother " Albertus…Saxonie Angarie et Westfalie Dux, comes de Bren Burcgraviusque Maideburgensis " confirmed that Rudolf I King of Germany had enfeoffed " Fridericum Burcgravium de Nurenberch sororium nostrum " with " villis Leukersheim Erlebach et Brucke " [].

Westfalie et Saxonie ducissa The contract must have been terminated, or the bride died, before 9 Jun when Helmold [III] was betrothed to the daughter of Adolf Graf von Dannenberg. Titular Burggraf von Magdeburg Graf von Brehna Herr zu Wittenberg und Brehna Alberti quondam ducis Saxonie relicta nec non Rudolfus The date of her marriage, and her parentage, are indicated by the charter dated 25 Jan , under which Rudolf I Duke of Saxony confirmed rights of her husband in Brietzen, witnessed by " The date of her marriage and her family origin are indicated by the charter dated under which [her husband] " Bernardus The Saxon ruler's role as one of the seven electors of the Empire was irrevocably confirmed in by the Golden Bull of Emperor Karl IV, which also decreed that the Duke of Saxony should be imperial administrator of the territory subject to Saxon law in the absence of the Emperor [].

He called himself Elector of Saxony. Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral Elected Bishop of Passau , installed Canon at Halberstadt OTTO -after 29 Aug The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified. Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Catalogus abbatum Sanganensium which names " in Sagano dux Johannes filius ducis Hinrici dicti Sperling " and " domini Rudulphi ducis Saxonie, soceri sui ", adding that she was called " Scolasticam " [].

The Catalogus abbatum Sanganensium records the death 28 Aug of " prima uxor ducis Baltazaris in puerperio " and around that time that of " domina Scolastica mater predictorum ducum " [].

Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral until Canon at Wittenberg Rodgau borders in the north on the towns of Heusenstamm and Obertshausen , in the east on the community of Hainburg and the town of Seligenstadt , in the southeast on the town of Babenhausen and the community of Eppertshausen both in Darmstadt-Dieburg , in the southwest on the town of Rödermark and in the west on the town of Dietzenbach.

On 1 January , in the course of municipal reform in Hesse, [3] the greater community of Rodgau came into being as the communities of Weiskirchen, Hainhausen, Jügesheim, Dudenhofen and Nieder-Roden, along with the settlement of Rollwald belonging to Nieder-Roden were amalgamated. The greater community was granted town rights on 15 September The old cropfield name Rodgau , like Bachgau and Kinziggau belonging to the Maingau , gave the town its name.

Today as at 31 December , Rodgau has 45, inhabitants including 2, whose main residence is elsewhere , of whom 22, are male and 23, female. Foreigners from 52 different nations account for 4, inhabitants 9. Those who have lived in Rodgau longer than ten years account for The first landlords, the Lords of Hagenhausen — later of Eppstein — sold the Amt of Steinheim in along with Weiskirchen, a village belonging to it, to the Archbishop and Elector of Mainz , to whom the village belonged until With this, Weiskirchen formed an ecclesiastical and economic hub in the Rodgau.

When the Auheimer Mark a communally held parcel of land to which belonged several villages was divided up in , Weiskirchen received a share of the forest. In the Rodgaubahn railway with a railway station in Weiskirchen opened. Of the once well known village with its timber-frame houses very little is left. During National Socialist times, the small Jewish community was driven out. In March , the small, restored former synagogue was ceremoniously reopened as a memorial.

In , Weiskirchen had 37 households. In , inhabitants lived in 26 households. In , people lived in the village. A century later, in , that figure had risen to 1, By , the population had risen to 4, inhabitants. In late , the constituent community had 6, inhabitants. The Hagenhausen noble family, who after moving to the Taunus began styling themselves the Lords of Eppstein, and writing many a page in mediaeval German history, found themselves holding great importance and power from the 13th century onwards.

Four Archbishops of Mainz alone were installed by the Eppsteins. Its low point came, as it did for all the surrounding villages too, in the Thirty Years' War , at which time the Plague also raged among the population. The survivors besought the patron saint of Plague sufferers, Saint Roch for help.

After Secularization in , Hainhausen passed to Hesse. In , inhabitants lived in 18 households. In , there were inhabitants in Hainhausen. In , this had risen to inhabitants. In , Hainhausen had 2, inhabitants. In late the constituent community had 3, inhabitants. Vogt named Gugin or Guginhart was supposedly the namesake. In the local speech, Jügesheim is sometimes still called Giesem today.

Jügesheim was founded in Frankish times, or more particularly in Merovingian times between and Near the old Roman roads in the Maingau woods, which crossed near Jügesheim, the Franks built new military colonies to control the land. In the Middle Ages , the surrounding woodlands belonged to the Wildbann Dreieich, a royal hunting forest, one of whose 30 Wildhuben special estates whose owners were charged with guarding the hunting forest was maintained in Jügesheim.

The Thirty Years' War took a heavy toll on the community, which at that time was part of the Rödermark communal lands. The place only recovered in the 17th century. In the 20th century it established a leather industry with many workers working leather at home. Besides this there were of course many farming households.

After Secularization in , Jügesheim passed to Hesse. In the Rodgaubahn railway with a railway station in Jügesheim opened. In the mids, a commercial area was laid out, which over the years that followed further grew. The new Town Hall made Jügesheim into a centre of Rodgau. North of the constituent community between Hainhausen and Jügesheim is found the It was in use until , and is now under monumental protection.

It has become a kind of landmark for Jügesheim, and indeed for all Rodgau. In Jügesheim had 36 households. In , persons lived in only 26 households.

In , the village had 1, inhabitants. In the 20th century this rose to 3, in , and to 7, in In late the constituent community had 11, inhabitants. Dudenhofen was founded in the second wave of Frankish settlement, after the time of the partition of the empire in The place was founded at a newly built road junction in an expanded road network, at the expense of the former hub at Jügesheim.

The placename relates to a personal name Tuoto or Dodo. Dudenhofen had its first documentary mention in in an accord from Archbishop Werner von Eppstein of Mainz with the Lords of Eppstein.

The village long belonged to various owners at the same time the Lords of Falkenstein, Hanau , Isenburg and Electoral Mainz , the odd part was bequeathed, others were traded or mortgaged complete with inhabitants. Between and , Dudenhofen belonged to the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg and was assigned to the Amt of Babenhausen, thereby making the place as of an Evangelical enclave surrounded by Catholic neighbours.

The Counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg died out in , whereupon Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse-Kassel found themselves at odds over the village. In , Dudenhofen was annexed by the County of Hesse-Kassel. Meant here is William IX. In , the Amt of Babenhausen along with Dudenhofen passed to French administration.

In , Dudenhofen was absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Hesse. In the Rodgaubahn railway with a railway station in Dudenhofen opened. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many young men emigrated to the Americas to seek their fortune. In alone, of the inhabitants lost their lives. In the Plague claimed victims. Only 26 inhabitants lived to see the war end. In , Dudenhofen had 38 households and inhabitants. In there were 1, people in the village, almost all Evangelical but for one long established Jewish family, the Reinhardt family, that was driven out of the village in shortly after Kristallnacht.

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Aktuelles zur interventionellen Therapie von Klappenerkrankungen Hessischer Internistentag Frankfurt a. Therapie der Wahl bei Bauchaortenaneurysma ?

Dr. med. Stefano Bordignon

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